Agreement Rules in Sri Lanka

Agreement Rules in Sri Lanka: Understanding the Basics

When it comes to writing in English, understanding agreement rules is crucial. Correctly using subject-verb agreement, pronoun-antecedent agreement, and noun-adjective agreement can greatly improve the clarity and effectiveness of your writing. In Sri Lanka, a country with a rich and diverse history, the English language has played an important role in both business and academia. In this article, we’ll explore the basics of agreement rules and how they apply in Sri Lanka.

Subject-Verb Agreement

Subject-verb agreement is the most basic agreement rule in English grammar. It refers to the matching of a subject noun or pronoun with the correct verb form. In Sri Lanka, as in many other countries, mastering subject-verb agreement is a fundamental requirement for students and professionals alike.

For example, consider the sentence “The students are studying.” The subject “students” is plural, so the verb “are” should be used instead of “is”. Similarly, “He runs every morning” is correct because “he” is a singular subject matched with a singular verb “runs”. This concept might seem simple, but it can be tricky when dealing with irregular verbs or complex sentences.

Pronoun-Antecedent Agreement

Pronoun-antecedent agreement refers to the matching of a pronoun with its corresponding noun, known as its antecedent. For example, in the sentence “Samantha is a doctor. She helps people every day”, the pronoun “she” refers back to the noun “Samantha”. In Sri Lanka, as in other countries where English is not the first language, pronoun-antecedent agreement can be challenging because the rules are often different from those of the writer’s native language.

Noun-Adjective Agreement

Noun-adjective agreement is the matching of adjectives with their corresponding nouns. In English, adjectives must agree with the noun in number and in grammatical function. For example, in the sentence “The red car is fast”, the adjective “red” agrees with the singular noun “car”. However, in the sentence “The red cars are fast”, the adjective “red” now agrees with the plural noun “cars”.

In Sri Lanka, where English is often used for official and formal communication, understanding noun-adjective agreement is essential for creating clear and professional writing.


In summary, understanding agreement rules in English is an important skill for effective communication. In Sri Lanka, proper use of agreement rules can greatly improve the clarity and professionalism of one’s writing. In order to master these rules, it’s important to practice identifying and matching subjects, verbs, pronouns, antecedents, nouns, and adjectives. With practice, these concepts can become second nature, allowing for more confident and effective communication in English.